Ap Biology- Biochemistry Essay

Macroeconomics: building block of carbohydrates. Cannot be hydrolysis. ; Disaccharide: any class of sugars whose molecules contain 2 macroeconomics ; Polysaccharide: a carbohydrate whose molecules consist of a number of sugar molecules bonded together ; Dehydration Synthesis: a chemical reaction that builds up molecules by loosing water molecules ; Hydrolysis: make polymers into monomers by reversing dehydration reaction (break using water) ; Starch: polymer of glucose monomers.

Stores energy for later use and kept in granules within cellular structures (plasmids) Cellulose: major component of walls that enclose plant cells ; Glycoside linkage: a covalent bond formed between two incarcerations by a dehydration reaction ; Lipids: chemically diverse compound, little or no affinity to water ; Triglyceride: 3 carbon molecule with 3 hydroxyl groups making up a glycerol combined with 3 fatty acids ; Glycerol + 3 fatty acids = a triglyceride (common type of fat) ; Dehydration Synthesis: OH molecule and H atom lost through bond between fatty acid and glycerol molecule. ; Phosphoric has 1 head and 2 tails, head is hydrophilic and tails are hydrophobic ; Stereos (steroids) (honeycombs) Saturated fats contain no double bonds between carbon molecules of the fatty acids. More hydrogen atoms stick to it, making it room temperature. ; Unsaturated fats describe fats with one double bond ; Polyunsaturated fats designate fats with two or more double bonds ; Fats (triglyceride) have 3 fatty acids bonded to one glycerol molecule via dehydration synthesis. Energy storage. Cushion organs and insulate the body ; Waxes fragments of long chain alcohol molecule and a fatty acid.

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Water resistant coatings (ears) ; Phosphoric 2 fatty acids rather than 3 and major constituent of cell membrane Protein: biological functional molecule that consists of one of more polypeptides ; Polypeptide: polymer of many amino acids linked together by peptide bonds ; Amino Acids: organic molecule possession both carbonyl and amino group, monomers of polypeptides ; Depicted: a molecule composed of 2 amino acids that are linked by a peptide bond ; Peptide: compound containing 2 or more amino acids in which the carbonyl group of one acid is linked to the amino acid group of the other ; Nucleotide: sugar, phosphate, nitrogenous base ; Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine and Oracular ; Watson and Crick double helix


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