Churchill as Military Leader Essay

The problem was lack of discipline and interest in school[3]. 3. Seeing Churchill interest in large collection of toy soldiers his father sent him to Royal Military College, Sandburs. Despite his poor academic record Churchill excelled in military subjects that interested him. His personality started to unveil once he chose a career of his liking as a cavalry officer in the Queen’s 4th Hussars[4]. 4. One of Winston Churchill brightest qualities was the possession of excellent communication skills; in written as well as oral expression.

The communication skills for which he is widely known now never came easy to him. He polished his writing ND communication skills by reading books of great authors and started writing for magazines and periodicals from the very early part of his life. 5. Churchill became popular among the masses settling disputes as mediator, convincing contemporary leaders and opinion makers. He had the excellent communication skill which played the most important part in his success and enabled him to get his name among the great political leaders.

Some notable examples are the unconditional support of whole nation during World War successful mediations on issues like ‘Key-men – Mechanics’, ‘Iraqi crisis’ of 1920[6] ND foundation for ‘Irish peace’ in 1921 [7] as well as cordial relations with contemporary leaders[8]. In World War II, during his first tenure as Prime Minister, once the odds were against him and Britain, his words like “l have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat” [9] and “We shall never surrender”[10] injected a new strength in the entire population of England and bears testimony to his great verbal communication skills.

Winston Churchill as Courageous Commander 6. Another quality which made him one the successful commander was his rage, which remained the corner stone of his personality irrespective of the problem or issue confronting him throughout his military as well as political career. His courage was evident from his early days in army, where he never missed an opportunity to participate in any battle or war operations.

Before being elected in the House of Commons, he had already participated actively on fronts at Cuba (1896), India (1897), Egypt (1898) and South African War against Boers (1899)[11]in the capacity of soldier as well as war correspondent. He always made considerable efforts to get involved in the actions of war, wherever, he got a chance and was never afraid from the bullets or bombings. 7. Churchill courage and strong nerves are evident from the fact that during World War II, he used to fly daily from England to France and back on the most initial aircraft.

Once, at the age of fifty, he was piloting himself, the guiding stick failed and he crashed a hundred feet on the aerodrome. He stepped out of the debris and two hours later, was addressing the parliament[12]. In 1918, when the Germans launched final offensive against Britain, he was at the front, someone pointed the anger about his life and he replied: “No, I love life, but I don’t fear death”[13]. His courage and never say die approach was the hall mark of his political career.

From 1922 to 1924, he lost three elections and was out from parliament for the first time since 1900 and yet good humor didn’t leave him as he remarked: “In the twinkling of an eye, I found myself without an office, without a seat, without a party and even Conservative party in 1945, he refused to give up and sat in the opposition and subsequently, became Prime Minister for a second time in 1951[15]. It was his rage which enabled him to fight whole heartedly for any cause he thought right, not caring at all for opposition from his adversaries or even from his party mates.

Winston Churchill Ability to Motivate Masses 8. Churchill had the great ability to motivate masses at the time of crisis. This trait was the logical outcome of his excellent communication skills coupled with the courage and never say die attitude. The words Surrender or Defeat were not in his dictionary. During the initial phase of World War II, when France was captured by Germans and morale of Britain was down and out, his selection as the Prime Minister y King George VIC 6], clearly pointed to the confidence he enjoyed not only with masses but with the Monarchy as well.

More significant was the unconditional support he got from all three major parties I. E. Conservative, Liberal and Labor. All these parties had a history of strong political differences with Churchill on one account or other. 9. Politicians and public alike recognized that by temperament, application and genius, he was the one man superbly fitted to command the battle. Never before in the history, have people of Britain been so solidly behind a Prime Minister.

Apart room being a political genius, he had the complete understanding of the naval and aerial warfare affairs due to his previous appointments. As a political leader, he persuaded the public that there was no alternative but to continue fight till victory. Indeed, his words became everybody words and united the people of Britain as well as injected fresh velour among his troops. Never afraid of any danger, he used to visit every front himself, which contributed immensely in the morale boosting of his troops. There was an immense love following for Churchill in England during those days.

No other figure except the King, Queen and Queen Mother ever approached his popularity, wherever he went[17]. 10. Churchill ability to inspire may be seen in the opening days of World War II. He did not permit a defeatist attitude, nor would he entertain talk of reasonable terms with Doll Hitler. As Sir Martin Gilbert, Churchill official biographer, wrote, “It was Churchill own opposition to all forms of defeatism that marked out the first six months of his war premiership and established the nature and pattern of his war leadership. [18] Another example of Churchill powers of inspiration was his ability o channel his determination to the British people, and generally strengthen their resolve through enthusiastic encouragement and praise to others. During the opening days of the war he said that, “The British people are like the sea. You can put the bucket in anywhere, and pull it up, and always find it Churchill inspired not only British leaders, but British citizens as well, by projecting an attitude of showcased in a speech he made in the House of Commons on June 4, 1940, when he spoke these famous words:- “We shall go on to the end.

We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and cesareans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender. “[20] Winston Churchill Strategic Foresight 1 1 . Winston Churchill was also an effective statesman and possessed the attribute of strategic foresight. An example of his keen foresightedness is found in the aftermath of the Munich Agreement.

While Manville Chamberlain proclaimed that its leslies of appeasement had brought, “peace in our time,” Winston Churchill criticized the agreement and was of the view that nothing vital was at stake; Czechoslovakia could not have more worse terms in the agreement; and the agreement would not be successful in preserving Rupee’s peace till the time threat of Nazi Germany remains under Hitler[21]. World War II proved his intuition correct. Despite uncertainties, Churchill had no doubt that the Western Alliance would defeat Hitler and Japan. Another example that showcases Churchill strategic foresight is Communist Russia.

Churchill had early doubts about Russia, apart from the ones that he voiced in his famous “Iron Curtain” speech, where he spoke of an iron curtain settling on Eastern Europe. In 1931, Churchill declared in front off large audience in Brooklyn, New York, that the great struggle of the future would be between English- speaking nations and communism. The Cold War would later prove his prophecy correct. Winston Churchill Ability to Persuade Contemporary Leaders 12. Apart from enjoying following by the masses, he was also blessed with the power to persuade his contemporaries in USA and Russia.

He was quick to realize that Britain alone could not think of winning the war. Thus, he became the great persuader, and in almost every case his real victories were not the military events known to everyone but those he achieved in meetings months before by his persuasion at the conference table[22] Finally, on 8 May, 1945, Churchill announced the end of war in the Parliament[23]. Churchill Weaknesses 13. All human beings possess certain weaknesses along with their strengths and Churchill was no exception. Some of the weaknesses of his personality as commander are discussed in subsequent paragraphs. Ratter by impulse which used to make his advisers irritated. His Chief of Staff Alan Brooke complained “Every day Churchill had 10 ideas, only one of which was good? and he did not know which one. ” 15. Racist. Churchill had very extreme stance on British being the better race and Indians, Red-Indians of America or Black people of Australia being the foul and inferior races. 16. War Criminal. Many historians blame Churchill of being a War Criminal’ due to his orders of “Area-Bombing” to RAFF during WWW-II which resulted in indiscriminate killing of 635,000 civilians. Post World War II 17.

After the shocking defeat of Conservative party in the 1945 elections, the new Prime Minister from Labor party, Clement Attlee paid a moving tribute to Sir Winston Churchill in the House Of Commons in these words:- “In the darkest and most dangerous hours of our history this nation found in my Right Honorable friend the man who expressed supremely the courage and determination never to yield which animated all the men and women of this country. In undying phrases he crystallized the UN-spoken feeling of all. He radiated a stream of energy throughout the machinery of government – indeed, throughout the fife of the nation