Q1, A: Work place policies exist in order to minimise waste, keep down cost, provide a secure environment and maximise productivity.
The following points should be included in a business safety policy plan.
Employee insurance should an employee get injured at work
Business insurance in case of any breaches
Designated responsibility of the manager
Designated responsibility of supervisors
Safety training provided
Identification of hazards and risks
Facilities of dealing with accidents
Q2,A: Employer liability is required by law, an employer must be insured against injury to employees or illness as a result of the work undertaken. The law also requires the employer to exhibit a certificate of employer liability insurance at your work place.
Q3,A: Public liability insurance provides protection against the liability at law to pay damages to members of the public who are accidentally injured, or killed, or whose property may accidentally be damaged.
Q4,A: So the members are fully aware that the company is ensured against people trying to make false claims, it is also a legal requirement.
Q5,A: Fire extinguishers of five various types to counteract fires on different surfaces, equipments, chemicals, electricity plus a fire blankets.
Q6,A: For general use, textiles, paper, fabric and wood but never on electrical fires.
Q7,A: Safe for using on electrical fires, grease, oil and paint.
Q8,A: Over the surface of burning liquid to smother the fire is best used for a limited number of liquid fires.
Q9,A: Fire fighting equipment must be checked on a yearly basis.
Q10,A: Management team plus all employees of the company, include cleaning team if the company employs one and freelance instructors.
Q11,A: Signs which indicate a safe condition (i.e. emergency exit) these are rectangular and green.
Q12,A: All electrical equipment must be inspected once a year and must be serviced by a qualified electrician, (record times and dates of services) it can also be handy to display a certification to members that all equipment is checked and serviced on regular basis.
Q13,A: It helps to removes stale air and helps constant inlet of fresh air.
Ventilation prevents the build up of humidity, bacteria, virus, and fungi in the air it also significantly improves working conditions.
Q14,A: It gives out information on a fire action plan,
How to operate the nearest fire alarm
Report to person in-charge of assembly point
Do not use the lift
Do not re-enter building until authorised to do so.
Q15,A: Displayed in all noticeable points where it is easily visible to all members of the public and staff.
Q16,A: Cleaning equipment (i.e. anti-bacterial sprays, polish sprays,).
Smoking should not be allowed in a heath & fitness environment and any items that is corrosive, harmful, irritant or toxic to health.
Q17,A: Head of department or the general manager.
Q18,A: If any injury was to occur the information logged on to the system can be important to be passed on to professionals attending the seen to help the patient.
Q19,A: The code of practice aims to enhance the customer experience and raise the level of practice throughout the all FIA facilities. The code will create a badge that customers associate with the best practice and look for prior to joining fitness clubs.
It is important you comply with the code of practice to demonstrate your commitment to standards, quality and welfare and as a means to enhance the reputation of your facility. The code of practice represents an important statement to government and other regulatory bodies that we are a professional industry that is capable of self-regulation and takes its operation and duty of care seriously.
Q20,A: Security issues should be checked when opening the club to make sure club is safe to let members in, when closing all security issues must be checked again to help prevent breaches.
Q21,A: Cashing up, Fire exits checked, Alarms set on/off, Electricity switched off (i.e. sauna/steam),
Q22,A: Payment point: Staff member present at all times, Security guard present around, Cameras.
Stock: Stored away in stock room/locked, Cameras, Regular stock take.
Premises: Cameras, Security guard, Alarm system.
Personal Belongings: Locker, Safe, Bank,
Q23,A: Reporting of any breaches should be informed to the duty manager or the general manager and then should be recorded in security breaches file with signatures from staff and manager present on scene and any witnesses.
Q24,A: Keeping till money in your pocket
Not taking money from members i.e. food, sun-bed tokens.
Health & Safety at Work Act 1974: This act was established to provide a comprehensive legal framework to promote and encourage high standards of health and safety in the work place. Its aims are to promote safety awareness and effective safety standards in every organisation.
My duty as a fitness instructor/personal trainer/studio instructor would be the following: Must take responsibility for own actions regarding for my safety and others,
Must not misuse equipment,
Must abide by safety regulations and procedures,
Report any hazards to my supervisor.
The Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1992: These regulations require employer to make suitable and sufficient assessment of the following:
The risks to the health and safety of employees to which they are exposed whilst they are at work and the risks to the health and safety of any other persons who may be exposed to danger as a result of activities carried out by the employer or their representatives.
The Work Place (Health & Safety & Welfare) Regulations 1992: The workplace regulations require employers and those who have to any extent control of premises to provide a reasonable working environment for employees in terms of Temperature: Should be reasonable and comfortable as possible, this is assumed to be at least 16 degrees centigrade sitting and 13 degrees if work involves physical effort but there I no maximum temperature but measures need to be taken regularly to keep it reasonably comfortable, thermometers should be available at a convenient distance throughout the workplace.
Lighting: Should be suitable and sufficient.
Cleanliness: There should be regular cleaning carried out; frequency dependent on the nature of the business, cleaning should be carried out in a manner that does not expose anyone to a health & safety risk.
Room Dimension & Space: Everyone is entitled to sufficient floor area, height and un-occupied space. The room when empty should provide of minimum 11 cubic meters per person with a maximum height of 3 meters. Taking into account this figure may be insufficient if a lot of space is taken up by furniture or equipment.
Work Station & Sea tings: Work stations should be arranged safely and where possible protected from adverse weather, when doing a job sitting down a suitable seat must be provided.
Drinking Water: This should be wholesome and readily accessible unless it is in jet form drinking vessels.
The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992: This legislation relates to lifting and carrying heavy items at work to prevent injury. Many injuries that occur at work happen over a period of time and not usually in one single incident. The correct procedure to lift an object off the floor should be by dead-lifting. The sensible way to lift would be to lift the weight only if one can manage or get help.
The Personal Protective Equipment Regulations 1992: The management of health & safety at work regulations 1992 require employers to identify and assess the risks to health and safety in the work place to enable the most effective means of reducing those risks to an acceptable level to be determined. There is a “hierarchy of control measures, where PPE is considered the “last resort”, others means of protection should be used wherever reasonably practicable. Employers should therefore provide appropriate PPE and training in its use wherever there is a risk that cannot be adequately controlled by other means.
The Provision & Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1992: These regulations pull together and tidy up the laws governing equipment used at work. Instead of piecemeal legislation covering particular kinds of equipment in different industries, they place general duties on employers and list minimum requirements for work equipment to deal with selected hazards whatever the industry.
‘Work equipment’ is broadly defined to include everything from a hand tool, through machines of all kinds, to complete plant such as refinery.
‘Use’ includes starting, stopping, programming, setting, transporting, repairing, modifying, maintaining, servicing and cleaning.
The general duties require employers to:
(1) Take into account the working conditions and risks in the workplace when selecting equipment.
(2) make sure that equipment is suitable for the use that will be made of it and it is properly maintained.
(3) Give adequate information, instruction and training.
Specific requirements cover:
(4) Protection from dangerous parts of machinery.
(5) Maintenance operations.
(6) Danger caused by other specific hazards.
(7) Parts and materials at high or very low temperatures.
(8) Control system and controls.
(9) Isolation of equipment from power sources.
(10) Stability of equipment.
(12) Warnings and markings.
The measures relating to the design and construction and to the placing on the market and putting into service, of machinery are contained in the supply of machinery (safety) regulations 1992. By confirming with these regulations, machinery qualifies for the EC mark and can be placed anywhere on the European market.
Control of Substances Hazardous To Health Regulations 1992
(COSHH): The COSHH regulations 1992 was introduced to protect people against health risks from hazardous substances used at work, failure to comply with COSHH regulations may result in prosecution under the Health & Safety Act 1974.
The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989: It shall be the duty of every employee while at work to-
(1) Co-operate with the employer so far as is necessary to enable any duty placed on that employer by the previous of these regulations to be complied with,
(2) To comply with the previous of these regulations in so far as they relate to matters which are within employee control.
Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1985:
It is a legal requirement to report all accidents and ill health at work. Any casualty treated must have their details entered into the official accident book (b5105).
Details must include:
Casualty’s name address and telephone number
Time and date of injury
A description of the injury or illness
How it was sustained
Any follow up-whether referred to doctor or hospital
Name’s address and telephone number’s of other people involved
All accidents must be reported to the manager and further inputted into the accident book.
Q1,A: It is important to find out if the client has or has had any injury’s in the past that will allow the trainer to select suitable exercises for the client, and will also help the client understand on what he is able to do and what not.
Q2,A: I would investigate by asking a few informal questions to the client and how it happened may possibly recommend external therapy or get a medical check up, in the future inform the client if a exercise will give adverse reactions to his/her health and make sure client fully understands.
Q3,A: Cardio-Vascular session- Restrict session: Sprain ankle, arthritis, pregnancy (latter stage).
Prevent Session: Severe chest pain on left side, nausea, fractured bone.
Q4,A: It is important for the client to get medical advice about contra-indications so then the client is aware on what he/she should and should not be doing.
Q5,A: It is not our duty as fitness professionals to diagnose any medical conditions, if we do think client needs a check up before commencing a program it is our duty to refer them to medical professionals.
Q6,A: For self awareness on what exercises client is able to perform, what happened and current situation of health.
Q7,A: If a client is unsure about a contra-indication proper explanation is important that if you do a particular exercise it will harm the injured or weak area of the body which can lead to some ill after effects.
Q8,A: Before a client starts a training program under a personal trainer it is important that the trainer explains fully on what is going to be involved when training embarks, just to back yourself a legal form/disclaimer should be filled in that the trainer will train you to the best of his/her knowledge, if any contra-indications from training the trainer is not liable.
Q9,A: A contra-action is a normal reaction to training/treatment, especially if the client is a first timer.
Q10,A: Muscular aches due to the fibers responding to training, tiredness as the body mind are not used to physical exertion, feeling sleepy due to training.
Q11,A: Drink water at regular intervals to eliminate toxins and to keep muscles hydrated proper nutrition to promote recovery, have a massage, swim, spa to help relaxation that will also help you feel less tired and sleepy.