Introduction part must Include a brief background of the study, statement of the problem or objectives, participants or subjects of the study. The inure written report is advised to condense within three to five (3-5) pages only, I. E. , from title page to references, inclusive of all tables, equations and figures. Do not change the font sizes or line spacing to squeeze more text into a limited number of pages. Use Italics for emphasis, scientific names or Filipino terms; do not underline.
Subheading To insert images in Word, position the cursor at the insertion point and either use Insert I Picture I From File or copy the image to the Windows clipboard and then Edit I Paste Special I Picture (with “Float over text” unchecked). II. Methodology Subheading Submit written report on or before October 3, 2013. Figures As said, to insert images in Word, position the cursor at the insertion point and either use Insert I Picture I From File or copy the image to the Windows clipboard and then Edit I Paste Special I Picture (with “Float over text” unchecked). Ill.
Results and Discussion 1 OFF on (http://www. Type. Com) for equations in your paper (Insert I Object I Create New I Microsoft Equation or Mathew Equation). “Float over text” should not be selected. Figures and Tables Because the final formatting of your paper is limited in scale, you need to position fugues and tables at the top and bottom of each column. Large fugues and tables may span both columns. Place figure captions below the figures; place table titles above the tables. If your figure has two parts, include the labels “(a)” and “(b)” as part of the artwork.
Please verify that the figures and tables you mention in the text actually exist. Do not put borders around the outside of your fugues. Use the abbreviation “Fig. ” even at the beginning of a sentence. Do not abbreviate “Table. ” Tables are numbered with Roman numerals. Print your final paper in colored if it is needed for the interpretation figures. Figure axis labels are often a source of confusion. Use words rather than symbols. As an example, write the quantity “Magnification,” or “Magnification M,” not Just “M. ” Put units in parentheses.
Do not label axes only with units. As in Fig. 1, for example, write “Magnification (A/m)” or “Magnification (Mama),” not Just “A/m. Do not label axes with a ratio of quantities and units. For example, write “Temperature (K),” not “Temperature/K. ” Multipliers can be especially confusing. Write “Magnification (aka/m)” or “Magnification (103 A/m). ” Do not write “Magnification (A/m) 0 1000” because the reader would not know whether the top axis label in Fig. 1 meant 16000 Alma or 0. 016 A/m. Figure labels should be legible, approximately 8 to 12 point type.
TABLE l: The Arrangement of Channels CHANNELS GROUP 1 GROUP 2 GROUP C Main channel Channel 1 Channel 2 Channel c Assistant channel Channel 3 Figure 1. Magnification as a function of applied field. Abbreviations and Acronyms they have already been defined in the abstract. Abbreviations such as S’, AC, and dc do not have to be defined. Abbreviations that incorporate periods should not have spaces: write “C. N. R. S. ,” not “C. N. R. S. ” Do not use abbreviations in the title unless they are unavoidable (for example, “INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARTS, AND SCIENCES” in the title of this article).
Equations Number equations consecutively with equation numbers in parentheses flush with the right margin, as in (1). First use the equation editor to create the equation. Then select the “Equation” markup style. Press the tab key and write the equation number in parentheses. To make your equations more compact, you may use the solidus ( / ), the expo function, or appropriate exponents. Use parentheses to avoid ambiguities in denominators. Punctuate equations when they are part of a sentence, as in Be sure that the symbols in your equation have been defined before the equation appears or immediately following.
Italicize symbols (T might refer to temperature, but T is the unit tests). Refer to “(1),” not “CEQ. (1)” or “equation (1),” except at the beginning of a sentence: “Equation (1) is . ” Other Recommendations Use one space after periods and colons. Hyphenate complex modifiers: “zero-field- cooled magnification. ” Avoid dangling participles, such as, “Using (1), the potential was calculated. ” [It is not clear who or what used (1). ] Write instead, “The potential was calculated by using (1),” or “Using (1), we calculated the potential. Use a zero before decimal points: “0. 25,” not “. 25. ” Use “com,” not “c. ” Indicate sample dimensions as “0. 1 CM 0 0. 2 CM,” not “0. 1 0 0. 2 com. ” The abbreviation for “seconds” is “s,” not “sec. ” Do not mix complete spellings and abbreviations of units: use “Web/mm” or “Webber per square meter,” not “Webber/mm. When expressing a range of values, write “7 to 9” or “7-9,” not “7-?9. ” A parenthetical statement at the end of a sentence is punctuated outside of the closing parenthesis (like this). (A parenthetical sentence is punctuated within the parentheses. In American English, periods and commas are within quotation marks, like “this period. ” Other punctuation is “outside”! Avoid contractions; for example, write “do not” instead of “don’t. ” The serial comma is preferred: “A, B, and C” instead of “A, B and C. ” If you wish, you may write in the first person singular or plural and use the active voice (“l observed that … Or “We observed that … ” Instead of “It was observed that … 3. Remember to check spelling. If your native language is not English, please get a native English-speaking colleague to proofread your paper.
The word “data” is plural, not singular. The subscript for the permeability of vacuum pop is zero, not a lowercase letter “o. ” The term for residual magnification is “remembrance”; the adjective is “armament”; do not write “romance” or “remnant. ” Use the word “micrometer” instead of “micron. ” A graph within a graph is an “inset,” not an “insert. ” The word “alternatively’ is preferred to the word alternately’ (unless you really mean something that alternates). Use the word “whereas” instead of “while” (unless you are referring to simultaneous events).
Do not use the word “essentially’ to mean “approximately’ or “effectively. ” Do not use the word “issue” as a euphemism for “problem. ” When compositions are not specified, intervocalic compound Onion. Mono. 5 whereas “In-Mn” indicates an alloy of some composition Nixing-x. Be aware of the different meanings of the homophones “affect” (usually a verb) and “effect” (usually a noun), “complement” and “compliment,” “discreet” and “discrete,” “principal” (e. . , “principal investigator”) and “principle” (e. G. , “principle of measurement”).
Do not confuse “imply’ and “infer. ” Prefixes such as “non,” “sub,” “micro,” “multi,” and “”ultra” are not independent words; they should be joined to the words they modify, usually without a hyphen. There is no period after the “et” in the Latin abbreviation “et al. ” (it is also italicized). The abbreviation “I. E. ,” means “that is,” and the abbreviation “e. G. ,” means “for example” (these abbreviations are not italicized). IV. Conclusion Although a conclusion may review the main points of the paper, do not replicate the abstract as the conclusion.
A conclusion might elaborate on the importance of the work or suggest applications and extensions. V. Recommendations Avoid using bullets for the recommendations. Try to compress the recommendations into one paragraph. Appendix Appendixes, if needed, appear before the acknowledgment. Acknowledgment The preferred spelling of the word “acknowledgment” in American English is without an “e” after the “g. ” Use the singular heading even if you have many acknowledgments. Limit acknowledgment to one paragraph. References (Periodical style) Chem., S. , Mueller, B. , & Grant, P. M. (1993).