Tobacco was cultivated by American Indians before the Europeans came from England, Spain, France, and Italy to North America. Native Americans smoked tobacco through a cylinder for special religious and medical reasons. In 1612 the colonists of the first American colony in Jamestown, Virginia produced tobacco as a cash crop. Tobacco was the people’s man flow of money. Tobacco helped finance the revolution against England. George Washington also grew tobacco (Health Literacy organization). Tobacco was said to be a cure- all, and was used to heal wounds, as well as a pain reliever. Tobacco could also heal a toothache (Vernally R.
Randall, 1999). The word tobacco come from a concave y -shaped pipe called as a tobacco or Tobago. Fame’s categorize the tobacco according to the way the leaves are dried. The four different types of tobacco Is alarm- cured tobacco, fire- cured tobacco, flue-cured tobacco, sun- cured tobacco, and cigar- leaf tobacco. Air-cured tobacco contains to varieties light air cured and dark air cured. A lot of the cigarettes encompass 2 major types of light air cured tobacco which Is barley and Maryland. Producers use dark air cured tobacco mainly for chewing tobacco and snuff. Fire -cured tobacco has unique smoky scent and taste.
Producers use fire cured tobacco to make cigarettes, chewing tobacco, snuff, and strong tasting cigars. Flue-cured tobacco is also known as bright cured tobacco. Flue- cured tobacco turns yellow or reddish orange during the curing procedure. Brazil and the united States are main the main flue- cured tobacco exporters. Sun- cured tobacco makes up only a tiny amount of the world’s tobacco crop. Cigar leaf curing tobacco includes three types: cigar filler tobacco, cigar binder tobacco, and cigar wrapper tobacco. Cigar filler has a honeyed taste and burns equally. Producers use cigar fillers in the body of the cigars.
Cigar binder tobacco grips the filler tobacco together in pricey hand- rolled cigars. Cigar wrapper tobacco protects the outside of the cigars. Less expensive cigars have modified tobacco sheets for their binder and in some brand for their wrapper (David Smith, 2012). Cigarette smoke encompasses thousands of different substances. Cigarettes Include all of the following and many more ingredients: acetic acid, acetone, ammonia, arsenic, cadmium, carbon monoxide, EDT, ethanol, formalin, hexane, hydrogen cyanide, methane, phthalate, nicotine, phenols, Stearns acid, toluene, tar, butane, cyanide acid, Naphthalene, preen, polonium 210.
Acetic acid Is a pure neutral organic acid with a unique sharp smell, used as a solvent and in the production of rubber, plastic, acetic fibers, pharmaceuticals, and photographic chemicals. Acetone is a pale capricious chemicals and as a diluter and thinner for paints, varnishes, and lacquers. Ammonia is a pale alkaline gas that is lighter than air and has a powerfully bitter smell. Ammonia is used in fertilizers, refrigerant, in medicine and in making dyes, textiles elastics, and explosives. Arsenic is an extremely poisonous metallic component having three allotropic forms yellow, black, and gray.
Arsenic is used in weed killers insecticides, and solid state doping agents. Cadmium is a gentle bluish- white metallic component occurring mainly in zinc copper and lead ores. Cadmium is used in low friction, fatigue resistant alloys, solders, dental amalgams, and in rustproof electroplating. Carbon monoxide is a pure unscented gas made when a compound containing carbon burns partially because there is not enough oxygen present. Carbon monoxide is present in the exhaust gases of automobile engines and is highly poisonous.
EDT is a strong insecticide that is also poisonous to human and animals. EDT is known to pile up in the tissues. Ethanol is an alcohol formed from the infusion of sugars and starches or by chemical synthesis. Ethanol is the inebriating ingredient of alcoholic drinks, and is also used as a solvent, in volatiles, and as a preservative to or a replacement for petroleum centered fuels. Formalin is used as a disinfectant and a preservative for biological specimens. Hexane is a type of fuel made in small ablest or solid blocks used in small camping stoves.
Hydrogen cyanide is a monochrome unstable highly poisonous explosive liquid, miscible in water and used in the production of dyes, fumigants, and plastics. Methane is an unscented, neutral, igneous gas, the major constituent of natural gas, is used as fuel and significant source of hydrogen and a wide selection of organic compounds. Naphthalene is a white crystalline explosive solid with a characteristic piercing smell an aromatic hydrocarbon used in mothballs, and in the production of dyes and explosives.
Nicotine is a pale poisonous alkaloid, copied from the tobacco plant and used as an insecticide. Nicotine is the ingredient in tobacco that makes the smokers addicted. Phenol is a corrosive, poisonous, white sparkling compound derived from benzene and used in resins, plastics, and pharmaceuticals. Stearns acid is a pallid, neutral, waxier fatty acid, afoot in natural and animal and vegetable fats and used in making soaps, candles, and lubricants. Toluene is a colorless flammable liquid, attained from coal tar or petroleum and used in aeronautics fuel and in other high octane fuels.
Tar s a solid scum of tobacco smoke containing byproducts of combustion. Butane is a neutral combustible gaseous alkaline that exists in two isometric forms, both of which occur in natural gas. Butane is used in household fuel, refrigerant, and aerosol propellant. Cyanide acid was used in the gas chambers. Naphthalene is used in synthesizing dyes. Preen is a solid polypropylene fragrant hydrocarbon extracted from coal tar. Polonium 210 is a very rare radioactive element that occurs in trace amounts in uranium ores(Health Literacy Organization).
Smoking can causes many different risks. Some of the risks include: bladder cancer, cervix cancer, esophageal cancer, kidney cancer, larynx cancer, lung cancer, cancer of the mouth, pancreatic cancer, cancer of the pharynx, stomach cancer, lung diseases, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, muscular degeneration, peripheral vascular disease, periodontal disease, graves’ disease, thyroid disease, heart attack, aortic aneurysm, osteoporosis, degenerative disc disease, infertility, acute myeloid leukemia, gangrene, and holds and releases the urine.
The bladder is located in the middle of the lower belly area (David Degrade, 2012). Cervix cancer is cancer of the entrance of the uterus. Cervical cancer occurs mostly in women past the age of thirty (Christian Nordstrom, 2009). Esophageal cancer is cancer that happens in the esophagi. Esophageal cancer usually starts in the cells that line the interior of the esophagi. More men than women get esophageal (Swanson S. , 2011). Kidney cancer is cancer that forms in tissues of the kidneys.
Kidney cancer includes renal cell carcinoma which is cancer that forms in the lining of tiny tubes in the kidney that purify the blood and takes out the waste products. Larynx cancer is cancer that forms in the tissue of the voice box. Laryngeal cancers are exogamous cell carcinomas (cancer that starts in flat cells coating the larynx) (National Cancer Institute). Lung cancer is cancer that forms in the tissues of the lungs, usually in the cells coating air passages( Terry Martin, 2010) Oral cancer is that forms in tissues of the oral cavity.
Pancreatic cancer is a disease in which spreading cancer cells are spotted in the tissues of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer is also known as exocrine cancer. Pharynx cancer is a cancer that forms in the tissues of the pharynx. Throat cancer includes cancer of the misanthropy which is the upper part of the throat behind the nose, orphans which is the middle part of the throat and the hypnotherapy which is the bottom of the throat. Stomach cancer is cancer that forms in tissues coating the stomach. This cancer is also known as gastric cancer (National Cancer Organization).
Asthma is a type of lung disease where the airways are constantly inflamed and may occasionally spasm causing shortness of breath. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is also a type of lung disease that enables you to exhale normally (Carl Brandt, 2011). Emphysema is another form of lung disease that allows air to be pinned in the lungs (Web MD Organization). Coronary heart disease is one of the many cardiovascular diseases. Coronary heart disease comes from disease or thinning of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle.
Congenital heart disease is also one of the many cardiovascular diseases. Congenital heart diseases include holes in the heart, abnormal valves, and abnormal heart chambers (Nanny Amanda, 2012). Hypertension is when someone has high blood pressure. Muscular Degeneration is caused by the weakening of the central oration of the retina, the interior back layer of the eye that archives the pictures we see and delivers them to the optic nerve from the eye to the brain (Muscular degeneration Organization,2012).
Burger’s disease is a rare disease when the blood vessels of the hands and feet become obstructed (David Sieve, 2011). The three types of pharmaceuticals to help you quit smoking are nicotine replacement therapy, opprobrious, and variance (Gavin Petri, 2012). In conclusion I hope you understand all the things that make up a cigarette and the long term affects you can obtain from smoking cigarettes. If you smoke cigarettes you should take the pharmaceuticals listed to help you stop.