Miramar Gadding Throughout history, we have seen many affected greatly, either positively or negatively, by the leaders of their countries. Some leaders genuinely wish for the greater good for all of their beloved people, and their actions reflects that. On the other hand, there are selfish, power-seeking leaders that take advantage of their power and status as well as their people. Miramar Gadding started at the bottom; being born in Shirt, Libya into an African tribal family by the name of al-Quashed.
This tribe traveled through the desert and lived in Bedouin tents, which are quite sizeable, typically ranging from twenty to thirty feet in length. Growing up, he dollied Abide Masses, an Egyptian leader, which motivated his interest in ruling a country as he did. At the age of 27, he seized control of the Libyan government by overthrowing King Doris in 1969. By the time of his death he had ruled Libya as an authoritarian dictator and tyrant for over 40 years, almost half a century (4). His ruling technique and views incorporated and blended Arab nationalism, revolutionary socialism, as well as Islamic orthodoxy.
These four decades were a huge setback for Libya, starting with his rise to power. Gadding compares to Mao TTS-dung in various ways, including the fact that they came into power with the intent of making drastic changes, and they were abusive towards their people. Gadding was well educated and his rise to power was very well thought out and planned. After he graduated from the University of Libya, he enrolled in Bengali Military Academy where he Joined an underground group of young officers called the Free Officers Movement.
The overall goal of this secret group was to oust Doris as well as other Libyan elites that they believed accommodated too much to Western culture ND powers (3). Likewise, Mao TTS-tunes point of existence and rule was to eliminate western culture in Chinese society by brainwashing the youth into enforcing his rules (5). Gadding soon graduated from the military academy and became involved in the military, while still keeping up with members of the Free Officers Movement setting up rudimentary radio and secret communication systems.
He slowly rose through military ranks and became a high ranking official. In the sass’s, the perfect time for Gadding to begin taking action was here with the Libyan oil boom. Labia’s economy ere and wealthy Libyan grew wealthier, but ordinary citizens didn’t benefit so the country ripened for a potential coup to overthrow King Doris. Time was on Gadfly’s side; soon after the ordinary Libyan started becoming displeased, King Doris had to leave the country and step down to his son, Has, for medical purposes.
On the first of September in 1969, within all the chaos, Gadding led a bloodless coup against the monarchy of Doris, and when the dust cleared, he was the new leader of Libya (3). Miramar established himself as the new Commander in Chief and chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council (1). Once Miramar took control, he immediately implemented new changes, which favored more traditional approaches that many may consider to be outdated. Mao and Gadding are similar in the idea that they came into power to change.
Mao implemented changes as soon as he took office as well, but on a much larger scale. Culture, with the help of his youthful Red Guards that enforced the change at their own will (5). Mao was very much so anti- Western, as was Gadding. Similar to Mayo’s Little Red Book (6), Gadding had a Little Green Book (4), which provided a basic set of ales to live by as well as a summary of how they were expected to think and live. Both rulers banned all opposition to their rule.
Soon after Gadding came into power, he closed all British and American military bases in Libya, outlawed gambling and alcohol, nationalized foreign petroleum assets, and reinstitution the Aquaria law of punishments being directly related to the committed crime (1). In other words, the hand of a thief might be amputated to ensure they cannot steal, and to invoke fear to the rest of the population to prevent crime. Later in his rule, crystallizing emotionality was also put into effect, with the punishment of homosexuality being up to five years in prison.
Engaging in political conversation with foreigners was punishable by up to three years in prison, and forming political parties was a capital crime (1). He also forcibly Rarefied the Barbers by forbidding parents to give their children Briber names, banning the use of Briber language in schools, and assigning Arabic names the Briber town. Ironically, Miramar was of Briber descent (3). The testimonies of all women and non-Muslims were declared inadmissible in criminal cases. Mao and Gadding were also similar in that they lost touch with their people and treated treated them violently.
In the beginning and for the majority of his rule, the punishments for crimes were viewed as seemingly harsh. Likewise, people that were on Mayo’s bad side were bombarded, biblically humiliated, and lost their right of privacy. In the Red Scarf Girl, her whole family was looked down upon because of their black class status, and their home was invaded multiple times by the Red Guards (7). With the Aquaria law implemented, theft was punishable by amputation of hands and adultery by 100 lashes; prisoners were also tortured and killed by overspent officials.
Public executions were rebroadcast on state television channels (1). The changes listed in the above paragraph were looked down upon, but his eccentric ruling style and strange, costume-like outfits distracted from his brutality. Mao brainwashed his people, mainly the youth, and convinced them that the brutality was necessary in order to eliminate western culture and create a new, better way of life (5). Gadding was despised internationally because of his support for terrorist groups such as the Black Panthers, Nation of Islam, and the Irish Republican Army, which he financed. 4).
In later years, people began to disagree with what started to be viewed as cruel and unusual punishment and his power and position as dictator was threatened. In January 2011, the Tunisian Revolution forced dictator Ben All out, and a month later the Egyptian ruler Hosting Embark was forced out as well. This provided and moral boost to protesters in several Arab capitals, and despite the repression, protests first broke out in Bengali and spread throughout Libya. Miramar violently responded by sending armed forces in to shoot at the protesters, and the violence quickly escalated.