We already had our ancient literature which shows our customs and traditions in everyday life as traced in our folk stories, old plays and short stories. One of the folk literature that we’ve had before was Myths which are stories in prose about gods and demigods, creation of the world and its inhabitants. * An example of Myth is Gobo, Cuban story that tackles about where Zebu came from and how it existed. * Another folk literature is Epic which narrates the adventures of tribal heroes usually acts beyond the usual or ordinary thing. * An example of an Epic is “The Legend of the Ten Dates” written by Pedro Alexandra which is said to be true but evidenced orally. The third one is a legend which explains how things came to be originated. * An example of a legend is “Legend of Togas”. * Next folk literature is folktales which can be classified as animal tale such as “The Cow and the Carbon”, folk songs like “Dandy’s’ and folk speech which are the diddles and proverbs. * Another folk literature is chants which is similar to cursing. * Our ancient literature did not flourished for there are no records or evidence of its existence. (1946-1970) A. Historical Background * The Americans returned in 1945.
Filipinos rejoiced and guerrillas who fled the mountains Joined the liberating American army. * On July 4, 1946 The Philippines regain its freedom and the Filipino Flag wave alone. The chains were broken. B. The state of Literature During this period. * The early post Librarian-period was marked by a kind of ‘Struggle of mind and There was a proletarian of newspapers like the Free Press, Morning sun, of spirit. ” Sergei and Daily News of Manuel Roars * Journalist had their day. They include in, more militant attitude in their reporting which bordered on libelous. Some Filipino writers had written during the interim came back to publish their works. The voice of the veteran: Twilight in Tokyo and the Passion and Death of Safe: For Freedom and democracy Betrayal in the Philippines: Seven Hills Away. C. Poetry In English during This Period * For the first Twenty years many books were published both in Filipino and in English. Among the writers during this time were: Fred Uric Castro, dominator l. Olio and Rigor. * The themes of most poems dealt with the usual love of nature and of social and political problems.
D. Novel and Short Stories in English * Longer and longer pieces were being written by writers of the period. Steven Javelin’s “Without Seeing the Dawn” tells of the grim experiences of the war during the Japanese Occupation. * 1946- The Bargain Writer’s Project whose aim was to publish works in English by Filipino. * 1958- The pen Center of The Philippines was inaugurated * 1961- Kermis Pollutant’s novel “The Hand of The Enemy’ wont downhill award for the Filipino novel in English. * 1968- Luis V.
Terror Jar’s short Story “The Adversary’ won the Philippines Free Press Short story award. * 1969- Short story “The Distant City’ won the Graphic Short story Award. E. The New Filipino Literature During This Period * Philippine Literature in Toga was received during this period * Newspaper and magazine publications were reopen like the Bulwark, Alleyway, Lang -Lang naif Sinai Tall. * Toga poetry acquired not only rhyme but substance and meaning. * Short stories had better characters and events based on facts and realities and themes were more meaningful.