The lattice system of the Maya Essay

It is of the view of many that the lattice system of the Maya was much more detailed and restrictive than the Incas for reasons that will be discussed in this l. A. Document. Maps showing the locations of the Inca and Maya civilizations respectively [pick] [pick] The Maya lived in independent city-states under a rigid class system. Each class had its own duties and rights down to clothing and accessories. Each city state had a Leader called a Wallach Munich or ‘real man”, who was a hereditary leader, usually passed down from father to son.

In some cases, the brother of the leader could be selected or the council of Nobles would select the successor. The Nobles were of royal blood as they were the direct relatives of the ruling family. Nobles believed they were so important that, when they appeared in public, their attendants would hold a cloth in front of their face. That way, no one could talk to them directly. The Leader and Nobles were followed by farmers and artisans. Polls or merchants also existed. Merchants had their own gods and their own rules.

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In addition, they did not pay taxes or do agricultural work or build roads. They conducted foreign affairs transactions with regards to trade between city-states The ranking of someone within the Maya civilization was quite visible through their garments and housing. Nobles wore a lot of Jewelry, such as ear and nose rings, over garments dyed in various colors. On ceremonial occasions noblemen decorated themselves with feathered head dresses made on wicker frames nearly as large as themselves.

Only the leader and outstanding warriors were permitted to wear feathers of the quetzal bird in their headdress. The Nobles’ houses were made of stone, whereas commoners houses comprised of thatch and mud. [5] No prisons existed in Maya society. Thieves were expected to work off the value of their theft, as if you were caught, you became the captive of your victim. If you committed a lesser crime, your hair would be cut short. Short hair was a sign of disgrace. It was possible that, as a punishment, all your possessions might be sold at auction.

The Maya held trials. Evidence was presented against you or for you. This evidence was presented before a Judge. Status was non-existent in these instances. If you committed a crime, and you were found guilty after a Judge had heard your case, then you would be punished. This was rigidly enforced. Picture showing the hierarchy of the Maya society Political Structure of the Inca The Inca political system was one of superior sophistication for its time. The political system was that of an aristocracy, meaning that a few entitled people ruled the rest of society.

The Inca government was organized in a pyramid-like fashion, with the most power resting in the hands of a few and the very top of the pyramid. He was the descendent of the Sun God Into. He ruled from the capital Coco. The most famous Inca king was Paucity. Following the Sap Inca in power were the members of the Supreme Council, or the Opus. There were 16 men in the supreme council and they held power much like the Senate does today. Each Opus had 4 men, and 4 Opus comprised the supreme council.

The Inca Empire itself was separated into four sections together known as Authentic-guys or “land of the four quarters”. Within the four quarters, the people were further divided into clans or small communities called Allays. Each quarter was ruled by a governor called App-CUNY. The App-sauna’s primary responsibility was to make sure its land and people were working smoothly. Under the Vicuña were the officials, which comprised army officers, priests, edges, and others from the noble class. The tax collectors were next. There was one tax collector designated for each allay.

At the very bottom of the pyramid of power came the laborers/workers. The majority of the Inca population was included in this section. The laborers were the driving force behind the Inca economy and the reason the hierarchical political system stayed in place, as crime in the Inca Empire was virtually non-existent. They live in a peaceful society and cooperated with each other. When a crime did occur however, punishment did follow. The Incas did not have orisons, instead for serious crimes such as murder, stealing and blasphemy of religious law, offenders were executed by being pushed Off cliff.

Less serious When the Inca armies conquered other ruling cities, they did not kill the local rulers, as they let them rule as long as they followed Inca rules, did not rebel, kept the storehouses full, and paid taxes, as taxation was the primary law enforced. The tax requirements were high. Women were expected to weave a certain amount of cloth, while men had to mine or serve in the army. Taxes were expected to be paid by commoners. If the commoners had no money, they were o pay with service on state projects or make goods for trade, such as thread or hand-woven cloaks.

People could also pay the government by giving a portion of their yearly crop to the collectors for storehouses instead. The Inca government was easily the most advanced system at the time. [7] [pick] Paucity, the Incas most famous King Role of Gender in the political systems The Maya women were responsible for the household chores and for taking care of the children. However they were responsible for much of the agricultural labor, mainly sowing, weeding and reaping, Women made the armaments and headdresses for the Nobles.

Women and girls were considered inferior, and were taught to accept this role. For example, women had to lower their heads and step aside if they encountered a man. Women were not considered a serious misconduct which was severely punished. A mother might pinch her daughter, rub her eyes with red pepper or beat her if she failed to act “properly’ towards a man. No woman could inherit property. Men inherited everything. The Inca separation in terms of gender, was complex and contradictory. Inca women in the hunter/gatherer groups had Just as many rights towards sources as men did.

Male roles within pre- Columbian households in Inca culture provided the same amount of social importance to a family unit as a female. Females to a certain extent fulfilled one of the biggest roles in the Inca empire, as they were given as wives as a bribe when attempting to manipulate the structure of the government for their gain. In this way, women seem to be holding all of the Inca Empire in place and place and providing a function within the society. On the other hand, as a meaner of symbolizing status and male dominance, some young women were selected, in terms of beauty, and oaken to the capital Coco.

There they would be put into isolation, where they would make fine textiles, serve food to the royals, and be prepared to be wed. [8] Analysis of Sources The sources, although they comprised websites only, can be deemed as reliable, as they were various University websites, and online libraries. There were no primary sources, as they were highly unattainable due to the early time period(early-mid 12th Century). Books were also unable to be sourced, however some information was obtained from soft copies of these books found online.

All information was obtained Conclusion It can be seen from the information collected, that the political system of the Maya was more severe than that of the Incas. For example, the society of the Inca was generally peaceful and much less hostile than the Maya. The political structure of the former, though unorthodox, generally allowed for the equality of women, as they were seen as a vital part of the acquisition of leadership roles through bribery. The Maya, on the other hand, were of the view that women were inferior and must be taught to accept this fact of life.

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