Mussolini and Hitler were great friends and Alliess. Hitler had great esteem for Mussolini and Italy. he considered Italy one of the natural friends of his new Germany. He admired Italy’s art and even stated. “My dearest want would be to be able to roll approximately Italy as an unknown painter. ” ( Qtd in Bosworth. 300 ) Mussolini had great regard for Hitler and was covetous of the Germans success. he hoped to one twenty-four hours hold every bit much power as Hitler. They had a really close relationship.
Italian Fascism and German Nazism were greatly likewise. They both called for national regeneration. one almighty leader or dictator and a authorities based on panic or fright. Both Mussolini and Hitler hated liberalism. Mussolini one time said “Representative systems belong instead to mechanical than to a moral system… No 1 can see where the people Begins and where it ends. It a strictly abstract entity… This in non and at that place ne’er has been such a thing as authorities by consent… it can ne’er existed and ne’er will be. The word crowned head as applied to the people is a tragic gag. ” ( Qtd in Catlin. 722 ) Other things that both Hitler and Mussolini had in common were their love of uniforms. parades. usage of force. and methods of mass communicating to distribute their message. Mussolini believed that he was the exclusive individual that knew what the people of Italy wanted and what was best for them and Hitler believed that he was God.
Hitler and Mussolini encouraged cultural exchange. Art exhibits were created in both Italy and Germany demoing art from the other state. Youth groups were besides created and wirelesss held combined transmittal for schools. utilizing the broadcasts to further personal contacts between the kids though pen-pal agreements. One Italian male child hearer was alleged to hold written: “I am proud that my people and friendly with yours. because nowadays our two people are strong and decisive and are destined together to rule the universe. ” ( Qtd in Bosworth. 408 )
Mussolini and Hitler began to regularly exchange letters and visit each other. Their first trip was in June 1934 when they went to Venice. The trip Mussolini took to Germany in 1937. despite him holding to watch Goring. one of the taking members of the Nazi party drama with his colossal plaything train set. was cogent evidence of Hitler and Mussolini’s bond turning closer. Hitler and Mussolini frequently went to art museums together. By 1944 they would hold already met up for the 16th clip.
On May 32. 1939 Italy and Germany signed a pact. Pact of Friendship and Alliance between Germany and Italy. which Mussolini referred to as “The Pact of Steel” . The treaty declared go oning trust and cooperation between Italy and Germany. It besides declared a joint military and economic policy. Germany and Italy were in “The Axis Powers” along with Japan. The Axis Powers were portion of an confederation.
During World War II Mussolini attempted to occupy Greece. this was unsuccessful so he asked Hitler for assistance. Hitler agreed but in return wanted Mussolini to direct Italians to assist Hitler with labour work. Mussolini and Hitler each continued assisting each other but it did non travel as planned. Slowly the Italian people started to dislike both Germany and Mussolini. they wanted an terminal to the war and combat. In 1943 Mussolini was kicked out of office. Hitler so tried to assist Mussolini re-gain power. but it did non
work. In 1945. with the aid of the Germans. Mussolini tried to get away from Italy. He was discovered by the Italian opposition and so executed. Hitler tried to assist Mussolini but unluckily ended up losing his friend and ally.
Both Mussolini and Hitler shared an obsessional nature. similar political orientations and attacks to consolidate and keep entire power. These two dictators took control of their several countries’ political procedure. economic systems. military. and overall control of the population through fright and propaganda. They were both close Alliess and friends who assisted each other’s attempts and shared resources and military operations during the war. In the terminal. their entire control did non last everlastingly and their compulsion with power and hatred for democracy drove them to craziness.
Bosworth. R. J. B. Mussolini’s Italy: Life Under the Fascist Dictatorship. 1915-1945. New York: The Penguin Press. 2006.
Catlin. George. The Story of the Political Philosophers. New York: Kessinger Publishing. 2005.
Todd. Allan. The European Dictatorships: Hitler. Stalin. Mussolini. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2002.
Gradua Networks. Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. CheatHouse. April 28. 2005. Thursday. 1 March 2007: 10:23 autopsy